” The overall goal of the national Tackling Indigenous Smoking (TIS) program is to improve the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people through local population specific efforts to reduce harm from tobacco.
The purpose of this preliminary report is to provide a mid-term evaluation of progress to date in implementing the first year of the three year (2015-2018) TIS program.
The TIS programme with a budget of $116.8 million over 3 years ($35.3 million in 2015-16; $37.5 million in 2016-17 and $44 million in 2017-18) was announced by the Government, on 29 May 2015.”
Download 133 page PDF report Here :
” The report found the program is operating effectively, using proven approaches to change smoking behaviours, and delivering evidence-based local tobacco health promotion activities. I am pleased the report recommends it continues,
Smoking is the most preventable cause of disease and early death among Aboriginal people and accounts for almost one-quarter of the difference in average health outcomes between indigenous and non-indigenous Australians.
“The program provides grants in 37 urban, rural, regional and remote areas to assist local communities to develop localised anti-smoking campaigns ”
Minister Ken Wyatt
This mid-term evaluation looks at progress to date of the TIS program, particularly in terms of regional grants delivering localised Indigenous tobacco interventions.
See list all 35 Recipients below
It does not look at long-term impact in relation to a reduction of smoking rates at a national level.
Findings focus on (see in full below 1-9)
- the shift to TIS
- community engagement and partnerships
- localised health promotion
- access to quit support
- contribution to evidence base
- National Best Practice Unit and TIS portal
- governance and communications.
A number of key recommendations emerging from the evaluation are included in the report.(see Below Part 2)
1. Shift to TIS
Since the implementation of the TIS program, all grant recipients are primarily focused on planning for, and/or delivering, targeted and tailored activities that directly address reduction of smoking prevalence within communities.
For some grant recipients, broader health promotion activities without a clear link to tobacco reduction have dropped off significantly as a result of the shift to TIS, whilst for others the integration of healthy lifestyle and tobacco control strategies has been successful. There are varying degrees of clarity among grant recipients about the extent to which there is flexibility to tap into healthy lifestyle activities under the new guidelines.
2.Community engagement and partnerships
Community engagement and involvement in the design and planning of localised TIS programs is a key priority for grant recipients, and a key indicator of successful TIS activities.
While challenges were identified in terms of handling competing priorities in community, adhering to cultural protocols, and the change in focus of the TIS program and uncertainty about ongoing funding, in the main, grant recipients have demonstrated substantial progress in involving community in design and planning and garnering support for TIS activities.
This is evidenced by the popularity of community events hosted/attended by the TIS team and the proactivity of local community and Elders in advocating for tobacco control.
The success of the TIS program and the capacity for grant recipients to operate as a multi-level population health program in their region is highly dependent upon the quality and reach of partnerships between grant recipients and other agencies/organisations.
Whilst challenges to regional collaborations were reported, overall there has been a noticeable increase in the reporting of grant recipient collaboration and partnerships, representing an important shift to both a wider regional focus and wider community approach to tobacco reduction.
3.Localised health promotion
At the local level, a range of multi-component health promotion activities around tobacco control are being undertaken by grant recipients, in collaboration with external stakeholders. Local partnerships are crucial to the successful implementation of localised health promotion activities through facilitating access to priority populations, supporting capacity-building and enabling a broader population reach to achieve awareness and understanding of the health impacts of smoking and quitting pathways. viii
Increased levels of community support and ownership for local solutions to tackling Indigenous smoking are being seen across the TIS sites.
Community education, is being undertaken by all grant recipients. This manifests in a range of ways, including health promotion activities at community/sporting events, drama shows and comedy and social marketing.
The involvement of local champions and Elders in local education and awareness raising events and activities is recognised as central to tobacco control messages resonating with target audiences.
It has also been recognised that targeting priority groups, such as young people and pregnant women, requires the adaptation of messages so that they resonate with those groups.
Grant recipients are partnering with key local organisations (e.g. schools, other AMS etc.) to overcome some of the challenges around access to these priority groups.
Many grant recipients have established or showed progress in establishing social marketing campaigns to supplement other health promotion activities. Campaigns are developed largely through a strength-based approach, with ‘local faces and local places’ taking precedence. Grant recipients have acknowledged the challenges in measuring the impact of social marketing campaigns although some are demonstrating a commitment to collecting data on awareness, and influences on motivations and attempts to quit.
An area that has been recognised by grant recipients as requiring attention is the promotion and establishment of smoke-free environments, particularly in rural and remote locations. Modelling smoke-free environments within the grant recipients’ own workplace is one way in which this issue is being addressed, with some evidence of success.
Challenges to the implementation of smoke-free workplaces include getting support from senior leaders or Board members who smoke, and organisations where tobacco control is not the main priority. Monitoring the compliance of smoke-free environments presented an additional challenge to grant recipients. Some external organisations have requested support to become smoke-free, and successful examples of smoke-free environments including smoke-free community events are evident.
Shifting attitudes around second-hand smoke (e.g. smoking indoors and in cars) and some evidence of behaviour change were reported by grant recipients and community members.
6.Access to quit support
TIS funded organisations are encouraged to take a systems approach to activity planning. The TIS program is part of a larger preventive health care system, all connected in different ways such as through referral pathways, and client appointments.
A key component of the TIS program is therefore enhancement of referral pathways and promoting access to quit support. Grant recipients have developed a range of opportunities for community members to achieve smoking cessation, with referral pathways having been established in two key areas: clinic-based referrals within their organisation and referrals made during localised TIS health promotion activities.
For some, successful referral pathways are dependent upon grant recipients partnering with external organisations.
Improving access to culturally appropriate support to quit has been a key focus of the grant recipients over the past 12 months.
Quitline enhancements are a component of the TIS program and data suggests that referrals to Quitline are higher in urban and some rural areas. Continuing to build strong partnerships between grant recipients and Quitline will be key to increasing referrals from local TIS programs into Quitline where appropriate.
Another key focus for grant recipients has been in increasing the skills of TIS workers and other professionals in contact with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to provide smoking cessation education and brief interventions. Quits kills training, and other smoking cessation education programs, have been accessed to support this goal.
7.Contributions to evidence base
The shift to delivering activities based in evidence and focusing more on outcomes than outputs has been welcomed by grant recipients, in the main, and has provided greater direction for activities and a goal to work towards.
A range of activities were undertaken by grant recipients to develop or strengthen their evidence base and work towards measurable outcomes. Collecting data remained challenging for some remote grant recipients operating in contexts with low literacy levels and where English is not the first language. Health service grant recipients wanting to collect population level data was also challenging when services are operating on different databases within a region and where there was an unwillingness to share data.
Overall, grant recipients expressed a willingness to focus on outcomes, and the confidence and capability to obtain data, although interpreting and reporting on data was presented as a challenge.
8.National Best Practice Unit and TIS portal
Advice and guidance around monitoring, measuring and further improving local TIS programs is provided to grant recipients through the NBPU TIS. Grant recipients have indicated that they value the support and advice provided through the NBPU TIS and this has aided in building their confidence and capacity to undertake monitoring and evaluation activities.
Some grant recipients reported that an additional level of support from NBPU TIS was needed. Resistance to change is common in any business when new processes are set in place. NBPU TIS therefore expected, and has witnessed, some resistance to this change. However, it continues to engage with grant recipients and support significant processes of change, not just reporting and compliance.
Another component of the work of the NBPU TIS is the development and ongoing maintenance and improvement of the Tackling Indigenous Smoking Resource and Information Centre (TISRIC) and its home, the TIS Portal (hosted by Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet).
Information and resources to support grant recipients in planning, monitoring, and evaluating activities, as well as information on workforce development is provided through the TIS Portal.
In addition, the Portal hosts an online forum (TIS Yarning Place) that enables grant recipients from across the country to share information and ask questions. Evaluation findings suggest that, whilst grant recipients are utilising the TIS Portal, some grant recipients have identified opportunities to enhance the useability of the TIS Portal.
9.Governance and communications
Various components of support are provided to grant recipients by the department and the NBPU TIS regarding the new focus and priorities and expectations of the TIS program.
To ensure consistent program messaging, and to enhance performance reporting, a range of initiatives were undertaken in the latter half of 2016 to clarify the roles and responsibilities of the various ‘players’ in the national TIS program.
The loss of experienced staff due to funding uncertainty has represented a significant challenge for several grant recipients in their planning and implementing activities.
Particularly in remote areas, recruitment has been an issue for many grant recipients due to the mix of skills demanded of TIS staff. Grant recipients report continued issues attracting and retaining staff with only short term contracts under the new TIS program.
Despite these concerns, indications are that providing grant recipients are given sufficient time and support to execute their Action Plans, they are on track for achieving stated tobacco reduction outcomes. The key risk to this is workforce stability, which would be mitigated by timely advice about the outcome of ongoing funding arrangements.
A number of key recommendations have emerged out of the evaluation findings:
1. Department: The TIS program in its current form should be continued, with a move away from short-term funding cycles.
2. Department: Provide immediate advice about the funding of TIS from June 2017 to end of current funding cycle.
Shift to TIS
3. Department: Provide clarity around what is allowable in relation to healthy lifestyle activities within the current iteration of the TIS program Community engagement and partnerships
4. Grant recipients: Continue to broker partnerships and leverage relationships.
5. NBPU TIS: Continue to build capability of grant recipients to broker partnerships and leverage relationships through the distribution and promotion of relevant resources.
Community education and awareness
6. Grant recipients: Continue to identify and prioritise key groups, especially pregnant women.
7. Grant recipients: Ensure evidence-based best practice community education models (including monitoring and evaluation approaches) are sought and adopted where appropriate.
8. NBPU TIS: Ensure the evidence-based best practice community education models (including monitoring and evaluation approaches) are available, particularly for priority target groups such as pregnant women and activities around social marketing.
9. Grant recipients: Continue to explore implementing smoke-free workplaces and enhance support for smoke-free public spaces.
10. National Coordinator: Lead a dialogue between regional leaders, including CEOs, Board members of TIS and non-TIS funded organisations around establishing smoke-free environments.
Access to quitting support
11. Grant recipients: Continue to strengthen partnerships with Quitline and other quit support structures where appropriate. Contribution to larger evidence base
12. Grant recipients: Build on routine and existing data sources to reduce data collection burden.
13. Grant recipients: Continue to seek feedback from NBPU TIS regarding M&E activities where required.
14. NBPU TIS: Continue to respond to feedback from GRs around M&E needs and TIS portal content and use ability.
15. Department: Articulate the role of the National coordinator in the context that the program has evolved and as such his role has evolved. Governance and communication
16. Department: Provide greater clarification of TIS funding parameters, especially in terms of incorporation of healthy lifestyle activities and one-on-one smoking cessation support.
The Tackling Indigenous Smoking (TIS) regional tobacco control grants aim to improve the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people through population health activities to reduce tobacco use. It is an initiative of the Australian Government Department of Health (DoH).
At the end of 2015, a number of organisations were notified of their success in gaining a TIS grant for culturally appropriate tobacco cessation programs. The grants were awarded to a variety of service providers across the nation.
The 35 organisations that have commenced their programs are:
- Aboriginal Health Council of South Australia Inc. (AHCSA) (SA)
- AHCWA The Aboriginal Health Council of Western Australia (WA)
- Anyinginyi Health Aboriginal Corporation (NT)
- Apunipima Cape York Health Council (Qld)
- Awabakal Ltd (NSW)
- Bega Garnbirringu Health Services (WA)
- Bullinah Aboriginal health Service (NSW)
- Carbal Medical Centre (Qld)
- Central Australian Aboriginal Congress Aboriginal Corporation (NT)
- Dandenong and District Aborigines Co-operative Limited (Vic)
- Danila Dilba Health Service (NT)
- Flinders Island Aboriginal Association Inc (FIAAI) (TAS)
- Galambila Aboriginal Health Service (NSW)
- Geraldton Regional Aboriginal Medical Service (WA)
- Grand Pacific Health Limited (NSW)
- Griffith Aboriginal Medical Service (NSW)
- Institute for Urban Indigenous Health (QLD)
- Katherine West Health Board Aboriginal Corporation (NT)
- Kimberley Aboriginal Medical Services Incorporated (WA)
- Lakes Entrance Aboriginal Health Association (LEAHA) (Vic)
- Maari Ma Health Aboriginal Corporation (NSW)
- Mawarnkarra Health Service Aboriginal Corporation (WA)
- Miwatj Health Aboriginal Corporation (NT)
- National Centre of Indigenous Excellence Limited (NSW)
- Ngaanyatjarra Health Service (NHS) (WA)
- Nganampa Health Council (SA)
- Nunkuwarrin Yunti of South Australia Inc. (SA)
- Pangula Mannamurna Inc. (SA)
- Puntukurnu Aboriginal Medical Service (PAMS) (WA)
- South Coast Medical Service Aboriginal Corporation (NSW)
- Sunrise Health Service (NT)
- Victorian Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation Inc. (VACCHO) (Vic)
- Victorian Aboriginal Health Service (VAHS) (Vic)
- Wellington Aboriginal Corporation Health Service (NSW)
- Winnunga Nimmityjah Aboriginal Health Service (ACT).
With the program funding provided until 2018, the successful organisations will work towards the intended outcomes of the TIS programme, including:
- encouraging community involvement in and support for local tobacco control activities
- increasing community understanding of the dangers of smoking and chewing tobacco
- improving knowledge, skills and a better understanding of the health impacts of smoking.