” Heart disease was the leading cause of death for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, who experience and die from cardiovascular disease at much higher rates than other Australians.
When compared with other Australians, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were 1.3 times as likely to have cardiovascular disease, three times more likely to have a major coronary event, such as a heart attack and more than twice as likely to die in hospital from coronary heart disease.”
Aboriginal Chronic Care Officer with Northern NSW Local Health District, Anthony Franks speaking at the #MensHealthWeek Heart Foundation sponsored workshop in Grafton : Workshop photos Colin Cowell NACCHO media
Part 1 Heart Foundation Aboriginal Resources
We have a a variety of information sheets about heart conditions and risk factors for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
View and download the PDFs here, or call our Health Information Service on 1300 36 27 87 to order copies.
Part 2 For Cancer Council info see separate NACCHO Men’s Health promotion below
Let’s face it, your nuts don’t get a lot of love.
Give them a bit of a feel, it’s the polite thing to do. If something doesn’t feel right, go see an ACCHO doctor. It’s an important step in detecting testicular cancer early
Pictured above Dave Ferguson from NACCHO Member Service Bulgarr Ngaru AMS : Below some of the workshop participants with trainee doctors from Wollongong University experiencing Aboriginal health prevention
ABORIGINAL and Torres Strait Islander men are 19 times more likely to die from chronic rheumatic heart disease, so a series of workshops in Ballina and Grafton was held to raise awareness of the risk factors for heart disease among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men.
It’s all part of a program across Northern NSW for Men’s Health Week which will run from June 12-19.
The workshops provided a comfortable environment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men to learn and ask questions about ways to reduce their chances of experiencing heart disease.
All workshop participants had to complete a health questionnaire and have a blood pressure test
“The idea of these workshops is to raise awareness around the different signs and symptoms of heart disease, and also around prevention and management of the disease,” Mr Franks said,
“This is a new, collaborative approach to addressing this issue, working together with existing avenues such as healthy lifestyle and exercise programs to assist participants to make the most of what they’ll be learning.”
At the workshops men will learn about the importance of heart health checks, stress reduction, quitting smoking and healthy eating from community health practitioners, hospital cardiac nurses, and other health practitioners in a culturally safe environment.
Examples of Men’s Health Week International
What is testicular cancer?
Testicular cancer is the second most common cancer in young men (aged 18 to 39).1
The most common type is seminoma, which usually occurs in men aged between 25 and 50 years. The other main type is non-seminoma, which is more common in younger men, usually in their 20s.
In 2013, 721 new cases of testicular cancer were diagnosed in Australia. For Australian men, the risk of being diagnosed with testicular cancer by age 85 is 1 in 218. The rate of men diagnosed with testicular cancer has grown by more than 50% over the past 30 years, however the reason for this is not known.
The five-year survival rate for men diagnosed with testicular cancer is close to 98%.
In 2014, there were 23 deaths from testicular cancer.
Testicular cancer symptoms
Testicular cancer may cause no symptoms. The most common symptom is a painless swelling or a lump in a testicle.
Less common symptoms include:
- feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- swelling or lump in the testicle
- change in the size or shape of the testicle
- feeling of unevenness
- pain or ache in the lower abdomen, the testicle or scrotum
- back pain
- enlargement or tenderness of the breast tissue (due to hormones created by cancer cells).
Causes of testicular cancer
Some factors that may increase a man’s risk of testicular cancer include:
- undescended testicle (when an infant)
- family history (having a father or brother who has had testicular cancer).
There is no known link between testicular cancer and injury to the testicles, sporting strains, hot baths or wearing tight clothes.
Tests used to diagnose testicular cancer include:
- ultrasound (to confirm the presence of a mass) and
- blood tests for the tumour markers alpha-fetoprotein, beta human chorionic gonadotrophin and lactate dehydrogenase.
However, the only way to definitely diagnose testicular cancer is by surgical removal of the affected testicle. While many other types of cancers are diagnosed by biopsy (removing a small piece of tissue from the tumour), cutting into a testicle could spread the cancer to other parts of the body. Hence the whole testicle needs to be removed if cancer is strongly suspected.
In addition to the results of the diagnostic tests above, a chest X-ray and CT scans of the chest, abdomen and pelvis are done to determine whether and how far the cancer has spread.
Stage 1 means the cancer is found only in the testicle, stage 2 means it has spread to the lymph nodes in the abdomen or pelvis, and stage 3 means the cancer has spread beyond the lymph nodes to other areas of the body such as the lungs and liver.
If the cancer is found only in the testicle (stage 1), removal of the testicle (orchidectomy) may be the only treatment needed. If the cancer has spread beyond the testicle, chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy may be used as well.
Depending on your treatment, your treatment team may include a number of the following professionals:
- GP who looks after your general health and coordinates specialist treatment
- urologist who specialises in the treatment of diseases of the urinary system and male reproductive system
- medical oncologist who prescribes chemotherapy treatment
- radiation oncologist who prescribes radiation therapy
- cancer nurses
- endocrinologist who specialises in diagnoses and treatment of disorders of the endocrine system. For men who have had both testicles removed, this will include testosterone replacement
- other health professionals such as dietitians, social workers and physiotherapists.
In some cases of testicular cancer, your medical team may talk to you about palliative care. Palliative care aims to improve your quality of life by alleviating symptoms of cancer.
Screening for testicular cancer
There is no routine screening test for testicular cancer. While it is important to get to know the regular look and feel of your testicles and let your doctor know if you notice anything unusual, there is little evidence to suggest that testicular self-examination detects cancer earlier or improves outcomes.
Prognosis for testicular cancer
Prognosis means the expected outcome of a disease. An individual’s prognosis depends on the type and stage of cancer as well as their age and general health at the time of diagnosis. You may wish to discuss your prognosis and treatment options with your doctor, but it is not possible for any doctor to predict the exact course of your disease.
All testicular cancers can be treated and most testicular cancers are successfully treated.
Preventing testicular cancer
There are no proven measures to prevent testicular cancer.
Understanding Testicular Cancer, Cancer Council Australia © 2016. Last medical review of source booklet: September 2016.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2017. Cancer in Australia 2017. Cancer series no. 101. Cat. no. CAN 100. Canberra: AIHW.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. ACIM (Australian Cancer Incidence and Mortality) Books. Canberra: AIHW.